Descriptions like: He is perfectionist or I'm a perfectionist, people often use and knowing what actually provide a description of yourself. Perfectionism often used as a prefix that we are hard-working, and working to introduce a perfect life, which is not possible, perfection does not exist.
What do we then do with the description perfelcioniste? Does that description then our hymn or sorrow!
Healthy and unhealthy perfectionism
Sigmund Freud perfekicionizam presented as part of the Obsessive-komplusivnih disorder (OCD).OCD is part of the "anal phase" in the development of the libido, which lasts between 2 and 3 years old when the child gets used to the dressing regime. In this period the child is still not independent and still dependent on their parents.
Perfectionism is defined as the need for high achievement of good results at school, so in business, relationships, and relationships with family. Perfectionism share a healthy and adaptive perfectionism, and unhealthy perfectionism and disfunkiconalni.
Perfekcista healthy, adaptive perfectionists that has high standards, working very conscientiously and often selflessly, trying to achieve the set goals. When a goal is reached, a person is happy, proud and happy. Then comes new goals, new efforts and new pleasures. Perfecionizam a healthy pursuit of high achievement followed by a feeling of satisfaction achieved due.
On the other side of the coin is dysfunctional perfectionist perfectionist tj.nezdrav which is characterized by unrealistically high goals, past mistakes pretereanom preoccupations, fears of new mistakes, doubts about the election, excessive preoccupation with control. Disfunkcioni perfekionista often poorly assessed their abilities. And when he has the abilities that it can lead to achieving the goal it seems that this achievement is not good enough and that's no good.Dysfunctional perfectionist to small mistakes that others do not get to experience as a disaster and failure, the days will switch itself and feel bad. Because of the preoccupation that does not make mistakes, they tend to deal with over and over again what they do, which is often behind the work, which leads to feelings of guilt and by spinning in a circle. A strong desire for success becomes an obsession, and that obsession is often encouraged authorities (parents, teachers, coaches). The dysfunctional perfectionists have a problem with self-esteem or have low samopozdanja.Ono the concern in these situations is that you need a very small mistake that people gave up and felt it was a failed man. This leads to people giving up before you try to solve the problem.
Features dysfunctional perfectionist
Dysfunctional perfekcionozam includes pettiness, dealing with obsessive detail, expressed motivation for achievement, excessive self-criticism (too strict with yourself), the tendency to view everything or nothing, and expressed anksioznist due to possible neupseha. Dysfunctional prefekcionisti not difficult in itself, but also for those with whom they need to collaborate. I do not believe anyone doubt the expertise of others, and are convinced that they can only timely, accurate, and well to do a job.
It is more common in men, especially in middle age. Pressure ji who suffer often leads to physical manifestations of the disease: high blood pressure, ulcers, diabetes, migraine, sleep disorders, panic states, increased stress.
Disfunkcioni perfectionism, in addition to anxiety, often accompanied by obsessive-komplusivni disorder (OCD), eating disorders,, social anxiety, substance abuse (drugs, alcohol, drugs), clinical depression and, sometimes, suicide. In addition to these companion disfunkcionog pefekcionizma, recent studies have found that people "suffering" from disfunkcionog perfectionism smtrnosti have a higher rate than those who live without perfectionism. Possible reasons for this include the additional stress and worries that come along with the irrational belief that everything has to be perfect to be.
Mental symptoms of perfectionism disfunkcioni
Obsessive-komplusivni (CSO) - ličnostikoju disturbance characterized by involuntary thoughts and ideas that are often aggressive or sexual sardržaja, in their opinion, unacceptable, ridiculous for a person, and that person can not control. Also, people do not understand the reasons for their occurrence. To think these people stopped developing defensive, compulsive behavior that is often characterized by the ritual repetition of certain actions. And if a person is aware of the absurdity of their rituals she developed such a relationship with them as if they protect against forced or thoughts of possible bad events per person. If they do not, she expects to get her something bad happens, they develop anxiety and restlessness.
Eating disorders: mental anorexia, bulimia
Mental anorexia - It's a mental disorder which follows the physical decay that often leads to death.There distorted sense of body image, weight loss striking, sick fear of obesity and lack of menstruation. Anorexia is not caused by loss of appetite, but it is about combating hunger due to the ever present and completely irrational fear of weight gain that never lets up, not even when the thinness reached such proportions as to threaten life.
Bulimia: While anorexics simply starve, bulimics overeat and then "clean" the vomit that had brought about.
Social ankcioznost-is reflected in the intense fear of social situations and interactions with others.The basis of this fear is the idea that others constantly observe, evaluate and judge our behavior, as well as the implicit belief that this estimate will be negative, judgmental and demeaning.
Substance abuse-abuse is periodically taking a psychoactive substance that causes damage to health, either physical, mental either (for example, episodes of depressive states of intense alcohol consumption). There are physical and psychological dependence on psychoactive substances.Psychoactive substances are taken as an attempt to relief the tension that arises from dysfunctional perfectionist.
Depression-failure in achieving unrealistic goals can lead to a depressed state. Depressed mood characterized by withdrawal of the person himself, depression, loss of appetite, dark obsession with the mind, slow thought process, hopelessness and helplessness. Depressed people are increasingly irritable and sensitive to stress, complaints, criticisms, feel lonely, abandoned, unloved and unnecessary.