Tuesday, January 8, 2013

Why do we dream?

Some scientists have theorized that dreams are never used to be, while others believe that dreams are very important for the mental, emotional and physical health of each person 

"Oh, a little day is a gift to us,
for all life - it's a dream
and dream dreams themselves "

How many times have you woken up and surprised that you thought a moment ago? How many times have you wondered what the mysterious content of dreams could mean, and why do you dream the dreams that you dream, as they often have nothing to do with reality? No, you're not alone with all these issues. Dreams during the past thousand years fascinated philosophers, scientists and great thinkers, but the law passed last century of empirical research and scientific studies.

Before you even attempt to answer why we dream, we will answer the question of what are in fact dreaming. Dreams can include any image, thought and emotion we experience during sleep. They can be realistic or very vague, full of pleasant emotions and frightening images, focused or obscure, unclear or confusing.

And what is the purpose of dreams? There are a number of scientists and experts unfortunately can not agree, so he accepted no universal answer. Since a large amount of time we spend sleeping and dreaming, and the fact that researchers still do not understand the purpose of sleep, our answer may seem confusing. But either way, it is important to consider that scientists still have not discovered until the end of which is the very purpose of sleep.

Some scientists have theorized that dreams are never used to be, while others believe that dreams are very important for the mental, emotional and physical health of each person. Some research has shown, though not proven, that would be my dream feature in the assessment of the new "materials" that are stored in memory during the time we are awake, and woe to us in a way that reduces emotional arousal, which in turn helps us cope with further trauma and stress the next day. But this is only one of many theories. Here are some well-known, which are long attracted the scientific community for many years.

The psychoanalytic theory of dreams

Sigmud Freud for many years has studied dreams as part of his psychoanalytic research. He is in his work came to the conclusion that dreams are unconscious desire views, thoughts and motivations.According Feudovom psychoanalytic view of one's personality, it is believed that all people are driven by aggressive and sexual instincts that are repressed because of the awareness of oneself as a person. As just mentioned instincts not visible during waking periods, they come into our consciousness in dreams.

In his book "The Interpretation of Dreams," Freud wrote that dreams are "disguised fulfillment of repressed wishes". Also, he described two different components of dreams - manifest and latent component. Manifest dreams consist of the actual images, thoughts and content, while the latent dreams consist of hidden psychological meanings.

Although some of his theories of psychoanalysis later killed, Freud's research and still are under the scrutiny of many scientists, who re-examine his theory and his books were basic "reading" a number of psychologists and researchers. Finally, the fact remains that Freud contributed to the popularity of dream interpretation, which has remained until today. What is definitely the biggest drawback is the dream of his research has shown that they are not psychological importance of dreams.

Activation and synthesis theory of dreams

This theory is the first time they have proposed, J. Allan Hobson and Robert McClarley 1977th , according to which during sleep (REM) activates neurons in the brain that cause the activation of the limbic system in the brain (including the central part of the limbic system and the amygdala, hippocampus), which is associated with emotion, memory and senses. That is according to this theory, our brain during sleep synthesized and interprets this internal activity, hoping to find the meaning of these signals, resulting in dreams.

This theory suggests that dreams are subjective interpretations of signals that are generated in the brain during sleep. But Hobson also do not believe that dreams have no meaning. He argues that dreaming our most creative state of mind, in which chaotic and spontaneous recombination kongitivnih elements, and produces a new story ideas. While most of these ideas are meaningless, just a good idea that a dream is a useful means that dreaming is not in vain.

Other theories of dreams

These are some of the ideas and theories, which dreams might mean, and what role might be played in human life.
Dreams are a result of external stimuli that our brain tries to explain apnea. For example, the sound of the phone ringing can be incorporated into a dream, and so on.
Dreams are for "clean" unnecessary information from the brain, as is the case with computer memory, and refreshments to be ready for when we wake up.
A person who dreams is able to connect different thoughts and emotions in a safe environment.Activation of the brain creates a tenuous connection between thoughts and ideas, which in turn caused emotional person who dreams.

Interesting facts about dreams

In an average lifetime, a person will spend 6 years, or more than 2100 days, dreaming.

In one night you can have four to seven dreams. On average each night dreaming every hour or two.

The average episode of dreaming takes 10 to 15 minutes, though it seems much longer.

The first signs of dream interpretation were found on clay tablets that date back at least 4000 years.

People who knew interpret dreams were highly valued in ancient Rome and Greece, and their advice is always sought before important political and military decisions.

Addicted to cigarettes who are giving up smoking have intense dreams than non-smokers or smokers.

Infants and babies dream about the same as adults, but research has shown that not dream about themselves. They appear in their dreams after the third or fourth year of life.

I dream of animals - Research conducted in many animals and they all showed the same brain waves during dreaming and in humans.

You can not simultaneously dream and snore.

Emotions - emotions that frequently occurs in dreams is anxiety. Negative emotions are more common than positive.

Men and women dream differently - Men dream more about other men. About 70 percent of the male characters in the dream are other men. On the other hand, women's dreams contain nearly equal numbers of men and women. In addition, men generally go through more aggressive emotions in their dreams than women.

Precognitive dreams - the results of several studies have found that between 18 and 38 percent of people have experienced at least one dream in which they predicted the future, and 70 percent of people have experienced deja vu. The percentage of people who believe in precognitive dreams is even higher - ranging from 63 to 98 percent.

While dreaming, you can have an orgasm - you can not only feel the pleasure of sex in dreams the same as when you are awake, but you can experience the real, equally intense orgasm. Feel that feeling while lucid dreaming (touch, pleasure and etc. ..) can be equally pleasant and intense (or even higher) and experience the "real" world. Both men and women experience sexual arousal during most dreams, regardless of whether a dream was sexual in nature or not.

Epic dreams - they can be very real and can change your life. These dreams are so strong and intense that after they become aware of your natural surroundings. Epic dreams will give you a fresh, new perspective on some aspect of life. When you wake up from this dream you feel like you've discovered something profound or amazing. This dream will be remembered for years or even a lifetime. People who have experienced this type of dream often state that continues the story, which shows a completely different life from that of the usual water. Many people sleep during the epic dreams, dreaming dreams midst. 

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