The beauty of oriental art of growing bonsai trees all the more valuable in other Western countries. The garden centers are available already grown, traditionally shaped trees - most of which will not grow taller than knee height. You can buy accessories for the cultivation of these examples from seed.
Most trees and many shrubs, except for varieties of fastest growth, can be transformed into a bonsai tree. Periwinkle and Japanese white pine and Juniperus chinensis sargentii popular for planting in individual pots and easy to grow. When a group or plantations, bonsai trees together crews typically let them grow straight. It is suitable for maple, birch and oak.
Bowl or platter (bonsai means "tray planting in") is an integral part of the tree. Trays for bonsai, with holes in the bottom and are usually very shallow, are available in various forms - for example, round, oval, or a quarter of a hexagon. Eye the most comfortable of matter but the pots are terracotta and natural stone.
It takes a year or more to sprout molded into a bonsai tree. Select specimens in the spring or summer, among the plants whose main stem diameter approaching 10 mm. If you are growing in your garden, leave them there. Otherwise plant them in compost slow growing plants and put them outside in a protected location. Immediately begin a spiral shaped plant. Around the top of each salmon wrap and a thin wire and bend it to the ground in a bowl. To keep the top in position, tie it at the end attached below the rim.
By the winter, the main stem should get up to 10 mm in diameter and be ready for the next step of design. Cut the main stem of about 150 mm from the base of the plant. Carefully remove the tree from the land or container and trim his roots in about one-third, to fit in the pan for bonsai. Place the tree in a tray and a soft, thin wire to secure his roots through the holes in the bottom of the plate. Wrap more wire around the stems and branches to bend them to the desired shape. Around the stem and branches evenly wrap the wire upward at an angle of 45 degrees. Do not over tighten the wire or the cross. Fill the tray with compost and slow-growing plants on top put a layer of moss, which will look like grass. Place the tree outside, in a protected location.
After one year, the roots of bonsai trees require pruning for the second time, and the tree re-wrap the wire in order to have room for growth. Further shaping can continue ripping the surge fingers. Size deciduous trees or leaves of broadleaf evergreen can be reduced by cutting off leaves (but not their stems) in the early summer to mid summer.
Most bonsai trees should be left out until winter, when they should be kept at home. In winter, they need to provide a cool place protected from frost with good lighting. Watering the bonsai tree often enough to make the compost moderately moist and regularly spray them with water. In spring and autumn, once a month they treat fertilization of indoor plants diluted to quarter strength.
Some misconceptions about ... Bonsai
Misconceptions about what a bonsai
Beginners often sapling transplanted into bonsai pot bonsai considered. But it does little tree bonsai pot but its features. Bonsai is a miniature little tree in a pot. This "miniature" does not mean that it is low rise and needs 3-4 years old sapling height of 30 cm or so called bonsai. It's just a young man who might become a bonsai.
The simplest way to be able to say that stunted little tree bonsai and as such is different from the aforementioned branches in all its characteristics, a small but not young but old and dumpy, has rippled or cracked crust (depending on type), a tree he was condensed and branched, leaves his lower than usual, its overall appearance reflects the characteristics of tree species and life-size.
MYTH about the origin of bonsai
Does it say that bonsai trunks are barely surviving in too small pots, and that lack of minerals and can not grow taller than they are, and that's really the secret of their origin. This is not true. In nature, we often find the so called. natural bonsai, which occurred due to poor living conditions, lack of nutrients, water and the like. growing on rocks or protruding from small rocks. The very nature of the way "bonsai products," but not the man. Small tree in a pot has ideal conditions: a carefully selected mix of country precisely attuned to the needs of its type, amount of water, in addition to feeding the growing season with fertilizers enriched with all necessary micro-elements. Apart from that little tree every few years transplanted to a new country, and his root pruning. Proof that a good small tree in a pot is that it regularly experiencing the change of seasons, it gives fruit and flower ....
One of the main techniques used to already established small tree bonsai to maintain a certain size, or "ordinary" do bonsai plant is nothing but pruning - a technique that since people are engaged in the cultivation of plants. Pruning bonsai tree top to thicken, making the fine structure of the branches. Why would the pruning bonsai was torture, and pruning vines on gender is, when actually dealing with the same technique. And trimmed hedges, herbs, vines, fruit trees, etc..