Sunday, July 21, 2013

How to properly collect medicinal plants?

Pleasant walks in nature can be used for the collection of medicinal plants. In these cases it is important to know the techniques of collection and conservation of medicinal plants.



Factors such as time of collection are different for each plant. Climate and field collection are very important to medicinal properties of plants was used in a better and more effective way.
The basic premise of the collection is the knowledge of medicinal plants. Do we know him, it is clear that we collect herbs at the right time, the right place, the right type and in the right way.
Experience has shown that the best results achieved in the treatment of freshly picked herbs, which is successful in treating serious diseases absolutely necessary. Fresh herbs can be collected in early spring, sometimes from late February until November. Some people, moreover, we find even in winter under snow cover if we remember where its habitat (eg, common celandine). For winter, you must ensure a supply of dried herbs, but not too much. For this purpose it is collected during a time when most medicinal ingredients.

Here are some brief instructions on how to collect and the types of plants:

• Collect plants in bloom means early flowering.
• The leaves of means before and during flowering.
• The roots must dig in early spring or fall.
• Fruit should be collected at the time of maturity.
• In this note the following: Berit only healthy, pure herbs, without parasites. Collect plants on sunny days when it is dry and when there is no dew.
• Do not collect it on fields fertilized by artificial fertilizers, the meadows on the banks of dirty, contaminated water, railway embankments or near high-traffic roads, highways and industrial plants.
• Do not pluck plants with roots, do no harm. There are many plants protected. There are plenty of herbs with the same activities that are not protected (eg primrose or jagorčika).
• When collecting flowers and leaves should not push or use plastic bags or bags. Herbs in them sweat and later in drying black.
Period of collection

Juices young plants are quite rare and have them melted modest percentages of medicinal substances. During the maturation rate of these substances is increased to the end of its existence, the plant again reduce that percentage. Thus, the plant should be collected at the time the highest percentage of medicinal properties.This time, however, varies from plant to plant. However, there are general rules of collection, which we present here:
• flowers - are collected before the petals open all the way because in this period include the most healing properties.
• Sheets - collected at the beginning of flowering, but before fully ripe because then contain the most juice.During collection, make sure the plant does not break out all the flowers, because in that case the plant ceased to live. Should not be collected dry and sick leaves that contain a variety of viruses.
• stalk - is collected when the leaves are already burgeoned and before the flowers appear.
• root - is collected in autumn, when the leaves and flowers have fallen off, or in the spring when they start to bud.
• trunk - it always collect in the spring while the plant is still flowering.
• The plant - is cut with scissors in a way that does not break away the whole plant. Incision should be made at the place where the plant is still soft.

In the collection we have to look at the following things:

• It is not advisable to collect you will note in the polluted environment. This means that the edge of the road, near the industrial zone, surrounded by fields treated with various fertilizers.
• Collect only need a clean, healthy and dry specimens. Wet or diseased plants are easy prey bacteria and mold.
• Good identifying the plant. It is important to know the characteristics of each part of the plant. In case of uncertainty rather leave the plant to grow further, because it is much more difficult to solve the later problems.
• Collect plant without destroying other plants. We need to know the protected species and keep in mind that all plants in the national parks protected by law. Therefore, in such protected areas, although growth in the clean environment, was not allowed to pick herbs.

Drying herbs

Period drying depends on the environment and climate. In warm climates the flowers are dried 4-5, 3-6 on the leaves. In cold conditions, drying may take longer. In any case, shall not take place in the sun! In this way, plants could lose svojstva.Također medicinal, plants have dried in ventilated places that are protected from dust. Plants should be placed and spread on the corrugated surface. We can not take the paper, as well as the surface. Occasionally, you have to mix to make it easier to dry out. The flowers can tie a thin rope and hang upside down, and fruit can be related to the thread.
Before drying the plants do not wash, but they cut them finely. Collected plants spread out on canvas or paper netiskani and as soon as we dry in the shade or in air, warm room (top floor).
The roots, bark or really juicy parts and often dried with artificial heat sources. At this temperature must not exceed 35 ° C.
Well washed roots, mistletoe and Vrbovica best cut before drying. Only well dried herbs can be preserved for the winter. For these are the most appropriate jars or sealed cartons. Avoid plastic and metal containers.Plants must be protected from light (using colored bottles - green is most appropriate).
Stock up for one winter. Plants eventually lose its healing power. Each year gives us new herbal blessing.

Containers Plant

Containers into which we put the plants must be of special materials: glass, ceramics, cardboard or fabric. It is better to avoid plastic containers. For containers attach a label with the name of the plant, date and place of collection.

Conservation of plants

Containers with plants should be placed in a dry, dark place. The light and moisture are the first factors that destroy the active herbal substances. Occasionally, it is necessary to control the condition of plants in order to prevent the possible presence of "worms" or molds. Dried herbs should not be kept for more than two years.
Conservation of medicinal plants in order as follows: herbs are dried, placed in containers and hide in special places.

Methods of preparing herbs

Infusion
The discharge from the plants that get their soaking in water is called tea. In addition to the general rules of the preparation we take into account the features of particular plants, but the effect we want to achieve. We know several ways:
• Maceration (maceratum; kitty rare, lat. - Soak, soften) - a floral and leaves fattened evening soak in cold water (room temperature), in the morning they drain and discharge heated;
• A decoction (decoctum; decoct, de kokt) - claim parts of plants (eg bark) cook in water from 5 to 10 minutes.
• infusion (infusum; infusion) - Me ke parts of herbs pour hot water. Let it sit for a while.

Infusion with hot water

Fresh herbs should be cut in the required quantity and placed in a glass or another, but not the metal container. The water is heated to Vrijanja and pour over pripravljenoga plants. Fresh herbs just very short stays in hot water (enough for half a minute). Tea must be quite bright: Light yellow or light green. Steamed dried herbs had to stand a bit longer (one to two minutes).
Thus prepared tea is much more efficient and more attractive to the eye.
The roots put in the required amount of cold water, boil briefly and let it stand for 3 minutes.
Daily dietary intake of tea is poured into thermos and drink, in accordance with the instructions, sip by sip. It usually takes the top full teaspoon of herbs to a quart of water (= 1 cup), or according to the instructions for each individual plant.

Cold extract of

We will mention a few basic rules concerning the use of extract of cold.
• Many plants (eg black marshmallow, mistletoe or sweet flag) should not be over pour, as by the action of heat lost healing power. Of them as we prepare tea extract of cold. For each specified amount of plant leave in cold water for 8-12 hours (usually overnight), then a little heated at the temperature for drinking and daily intake keep the thermos bottle with hot water pre-faded.
• Cold extract of mixed with filler is the best way to use medicinal herbs: Herbs leave overnight in half the prescribed amount of cold water, strain it in the morning. Then the other half of water pouring remains of plants and re-strain it. Cold drinks and hot mix the filler now. Thus prepared tea contains beneficial compounds that are soluble only in cold or just hot water.
• When preparing tea for repeated use, drain it and save the thermos to avoid reheating. SLADE it honey (bo lje it is to drink unsweetened). Always sip tea slowly, sip by sip.
Tea

• Tea mainly prepared as infusion, and so that the water is completed, a put it in the prepared amount of dried herbs, put the bowl and cover it. Let stand 5 to 15 minutes, then strain it and pour it into cups. If long boiling tea or let it stand for more than a specified time, excreted and other substances whose effects are not always desirable, and in turn they lose the expected healing. Therefore, it is important to carefully keep operating.
• However, if, for example, we want to horsetail tea acts as a purgative, we have to cook 20 minutes, until the extracted silicon.
• To prepare the coating bath and put the herbs in cold water you zavra, except in the case of chamomile, mint and mother Dusica (essential oils).
• We usually take 1 to 2 tsp or a pinch of dried herbs in 2 l of water. With fresh herbs increase the amount of 2 to 3 times. The tea blends are some plants take in equal shares, unless the recipe stated otherwise.
• tea to drink for a long time, or prevention (to prevent disease), should be mild - 1 teaspoon to a pint. To quickly turn action, if the disease is already evident, prepared more tea - 1 teaspoon to 1 l of water. For external use (wraps, gargling, rinsing) prepare a stronger concentrate. Exceptions to prepare (with respect to volume) teas are described for each individual plant.
• All plants containing medicinal essential oils (chamomile, tetrljan, lemon balm, etc..) Just pour boiling water and leave them covered in 3 to 5 minutes. Berries (eg rods, hawthorn) put in cold water and then boil.
• Koru roots and cut them and put in cold water and let it boil, and after 5 to 10 minutes of boiling shelter container, allow it to cool and then strain it into a manual.
• mistletoe and marshmallow never boils. Soak them in cold water overnight, drain and then heated. Tea must be light, soft and good taste (1 teaspoon of dried herb to one pint of water). We drink it in large quantities throughout the day (at least 1 liter), and for a long time. Thus increasing the resistance. We can also prepare some other teas, for example, from fresh herbs.
• Dried herbs keep in paper bags or cardboard boxes (never in plastic bags), in a dry, cool and dark place.

Tincture (Essence)

Tinctures are also iscjedine (extracts), we get with 38-40% brandy cereal or fruit. Bottle or other container you can fill up close to the neck loosely with selected herbs and pour it with the corn or fruit brandy. Leave it in a warm (about 20 ° C) tightly closed in 14 days or even longer, the more we shake, then strain it and squeezing the rest. Tinctures take the form of drops, diluted with tea, in the form of compresses, or use them for massage.

Squash

Fresh vegetable juices used in the form of drops or coat them affected areas of the body. We prepare them with the help of a juicer which herbs finely chopped drained at the same time. Juices must be prepared fresh daily. The filled and sealed well we can keep them in the refrigerator for several months.

Vegetable mash

The stems and leaves smash the kitchen roller on a wooden bench in the leafy mush. Cashew spread on a linen cloth, lay on a sick place, is wrapped a scarf and keep warm. This pack can stay overnight.

Packs of herbs softened by steaming

Let it boil a pot of water, put it through a strainer into which we put fresh or dried herbs and cover it all. After some time, tempered, warm herbs put a thin linen scarf (gauze) and put it on the affected area. Everything is covered with a woolen scarf and tight Zavijah with more bandages. We can not feel the cold.
They are very effective packs of horsetail softened by steaming. Give them a painful place for two hours or overnight.

Preparation of oils and fats

Finely cut them two handfuls of herbs. About 500 grams of lard heated to a temperature of roast steaks.Herbs mixed with hot fat, Fry briefly, stir, remove the pan from the heat, cover and let it cool overnight. The next day all the little warm up, strain it through a linen cloth, and even hot grease fill the prepared jars or other suitable containers.
Oil we prepare in the following way: flowers and herbs fill the bottle up to the neck and pour the cold-pressed olive oil so that the oil is two fingers above flowers or herbs. This should odstajati 14 days in the sun or near a heat source.

Herbal baths

• Full bath: Appropriate plants soak overnight in cold water. For we need a bucket bath (6-8 liters) a completely fresh or 200 g of dried herbs. The next day, all heated, strain and pour into bath water. Bath for 20 minutes.
The heart must be out of the water. After bathing is not deleted, but is wrapped with a towel or bathrobe in bed to sweat an hour.
• Seating baths: For sitting bath, we need only half a bucket of fresh or approximately 100 g of dried herbs: same as for the preparation of full baths. The water level in the tub must reach the kidneys. Should take into account the specific instructions for each herb.
Water used are either one or the other type of bath can be used twice if it warms up again.

The use of medicinal plants

There is, of course, many ways to use herbs. It is clear that the use of medicinal plants in history is largely dependent on the area and the existing vegetation. To mention, in short, ways that are commonly used in this area.

1 BATHS
Baths can be foot, hand, sitting and overall (total). We prepare them to something more concentrated tea (40-80 grams per liter of water) pour into the tub. Two to three liters of this tea are sufficient for an ordinary bath. In addition to tea, the bath can add 5-10 drops of essential oil or vegetable estrakta. Baths are advised against rheumatic diseases, insomnia and poor circulation. With seating bath water is cold or lukewarm so that the effect is better. Used to treat hemorrhoids, urinary tract and gynecological problems.

2 STEAM
Steam is used mostly by inflammation of the airways in the following manner:
• take two hands dried herb or 2-3 drops of essential oil
• cover it with a sheet or towel to prevent the release of vapors into the environment,
• slowly move away from the lid of the pot, set the pot over your head and inhale steam 10-15 minutes.

3 COMPRESSES
Wraps are prepared in several ways:
• The fresh leaves and roots of plants. Boil the root of a plant or crushed and spread a mixture of cheesecloth and lay down on the sore spot.
• The fruit (strawberries, figs). Fruit wrap it in cheesecloth and lay down on the skin.
• From seeds. Seed crumble and wraps sick spot.
Wraps are made from infusion. Infusion is a liquid obtained from poparene or cooked plant. Infusion should be concentrated on the tea (50-100 g / liter of water) or 5-10 drops of essential oil. The wrap is placed on the skin, and change it when it cools down. We can also be covered with a blanket to slowly cool.

4 Gargling and rinsing the mouth
Mouth rinsed teas of herbs. This prevents sore throat and respiratory tract and also helps maintain the oral hygiene (eg, anti-gingivitis used sage). 

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